Cameroon is a country in Central Africa with about 24.3 million inhabitants. It borders Nigeria, Chad, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The largest cities are the capital Yaoundé and the port town of Douala.
The socio-economic crisis since the beginning of the 1990s, accompanied by currency erosion and wage reductions, as well as the high proportion of young people and the lack of vocational and professional perspectives, form the background for the increasing migration pressure in Cameroon.
Transnational relationships, family and friendships play a major role in the migration process between Cameroon and Germany. In Cameroon the German economic power, the organization and the technical standard as well as the training possibilities are being appreciated. The colonial past plays a less important role in the choice of Germany as target country, in contrast to France and England. Despite language barriers, many immigrants from Cameroon are coming to Germany, because a student visa is relatively easy to obtain, and the studies are easier to finance than in France, the UK, USA or Canada.
In addition to the legal migration, there are still a lot of illegal migrants coming to Germany.
This illegal migration occurs almost always about the Mediterranean or the desert.