Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger River. The river flows through the relatively densely populated southwest of the desert state. Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest.
Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2, making it the largest country in West Africa, with over 80 percent of its land area covered by the Sahara Desert. The country’s predominantly Islamic population, is mostly clustered in the south and west of the country. The capital city is Niamey, located in the far-southwest corner of Niger.